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Patent Education & Training

  • We perform awareness program, patent education, workshop for customers. 4NBIO conducts seminar series that has been designed for executives, business/ Marketing Managers working in different capacities within an Organization, IP professionals & agents, researchers, academicians, domain experts, professionals, and students with science, technical, engineering and legal background. It provides practical insights into the Global IP and Patent Process and its applicability to specific industry.


  • We offer a wide range of Patent Search services backed by experienced and qualified experts from IP Information and research field.


  • Patents are not just abstract concepts; they play an invaluable, practical role in everyday life. By rewarding ideas, patents encourage the development of innovations and new technologies in every field 

What is Intellectual Property?
Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce.

What is patent?
A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention. A Patent is a statutory right for an invention granted for a limited period of time to the patentee by the Government, in exchange of full disclosure of his invention for excluding others, from making, using, selling, importing the patented product or process for producing that product for those purposes without his consent. 

Which Act governs the patent system in India? 
The patent system in India is governed by the Patents Act, 1970 (No.39 of 1970) as amended by the Patents (Amendment) Act, 2005 and the Patents Rules, 2003. The Patent Rules are regularly amended in consonance with the changing environment, most recent being in 2016.

What can be patented? 
An invention relating either to a product or process that is new, involving inventive step and capable of industrial application can be patented. However, it must not fall into the categories of inventions that are non- patentable under sections 3 and 4 of the Act.

What are the criteria of patentability? 
An invention is patentable subject matter if it meets the following criteria – 
i)  It should be novel. 
ii) It should have inventive step or it must be non-obvious
iii) It should be capable of Industrial application.
iv) It should not attract the provisions of section 3 and 4 of the Patents Act 1970.

How can I apply for a patent?
A patent application can be filed with Indian Patent Office either with provisional specification or with complete specification along with fee as prescribed in schedule I. In case the application is filed with provisional specification, then one has to file complete specification within 12 months from the date of filing of the provisional application. There is no further extension of time to file complete specification after expiry of said period.

Is there any jurisdiction for filing patent application in India?
Yes, India has four patent offices located at Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai. Each office has a separate territorial jurisdiction. The appropriate office for all proceedings including filing of the application depends normally where the applicant/first mentioned applicant resides/has domicile/has place of business/has origin of invention. In case of foreign applicants, it depends on the address for service in India given by such applicant.

Patent-related treaties
Paris convention: The first major international agreement relating to the protection of industrial property rights, including patents. It outlines, in particular, national treatment, the right of priority, and a number of common rules in the field of substantive patent law.

Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) is an international treaty with more than 150 Contracting States. It makes it possible to seek patent protection for an invention simultaneously in a large number of countries by filing a single “international” patent application instead of filing several separate national or regional patent applications. However, the granting of patents remains under the control of the national or regional patent Offices. 

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